Published online Oct 16, 2022. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v10.i29.10478
Peer-review started: July 3, 2022
First decision: August 1, 2022
Revised: August 12, 2022
Accepted: August 30, 2022
Article in press: August 30, 2022
Published online: October 16, 2022
Acute cerebral infarction is a severe type of ischemic stroke that can be divided into anterior circulation cerebral infarction and posterior circulation cerebral infarction (PCCI). PCCI affects the structure of the posterior circulation brain, because posterior part of the brain, which has more complex anatomical structures and more prone to posterior circulation vascular variation. Therefore, improving the prognosis of PCCI patients is necessary.
To explore the effect of medical care linkage-continuous management mode (MCLMM) on endovascular interventional therapy (EIT) for PCCI.
Sixty-nine patients with PCCI who received EIT and conventional nursing intervention were selected as the control group, and 78 patients with PCCI who received EIT and MCLMM intervention were selected as the observation group. The incidence of postoperative complications, compliance and disease self-management behavior after six months of intervention, modified Rankin scale (mRS) and Barthel index (BI) scores in the acute phase and after one year of intervention, and recurrence within one year were compared between the two groups.
The total incidence rate of postoperative complications in the observation group (7.69%) was lower than that in the control group (18.84%) (P < 0.05). The scores for medical compliance behavior (regular medication, appropriate diet, and rehabilitation cooperation rates) and disease self-management behavior (self-will, disease knowledge, and self-care ability) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). After one year of intervention, in the observation group, the mRS score was significantly lower, and the BI score was significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The recurrence rate within one year in the observation group (3.85%) was significantly lower than that in the control group (13.04%) (P < 0.05).
MCLMM can reduce the incidence of complications after EIT for PCCI, improve patient compliance behavior and disease self-management ability, and promote the recovery of neurological function.
Core Tip: In our study, we explored the effect of medical care linkage-continuous management mode in endovascular interventional therapy for posterior circulation cerebral infarction (PCCI). Our results showed that this mode effectively reduces the incidence of complications after vascular interventional therapy for PCCI, effectively improves patient compliance behavior and disease self-management ability, and is important for promoting recovery of neurological function and activities of daily living as well as for preventing recurrence of disease. Thus, it is worthy of being widely used in clinical applications.