Published online Sep 26, 2022. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v10.i27.9703
Peer-review started: April 3, 2022
First decision: May 11, 2022
Revised: May 17, 2022
Accepted: August 15, 2022
Article in press: August 15, 2022
Published online: September 26, 2022
Gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GA) is a commonly used first-line treatment regimen for metastatic pancreatic cancer, and many studies will add a novel targeted agent to this regimen for improving patient survival rate. However, the clinical effectiveness of GA is the most controversial issue.
To compare the efficacy and safety of GA regimen with a targeted agent and GA regimen.
Up to 1 December 2021, the eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating to GA and GA with a targeted agent were searched on PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library for eligible data. We screened out appropriate studies for overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), objective response rate (ORR), and toxicity, which had been pooled and finally analyzed by using Stata version 15.1. In addition, we use Reference Citation Analysis (https://www.referencecitationanalysis.com/) to collect the latest related literature to improve the latest cutting-edge research results.
Seven RCTs involving 1544 patients (848 men and 696 women) were included. There were no significant differences between GA with a targeted agent and GA in PFS [hazard ratio (HR): 1.18 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.91-1.53], OS (HR: 1.12 95%CI: 0.99-1.27), and ORR (HR: 0.96 95%CI: 0.71-1.29). There was no notable difference in the two groups in grade 3/4 toxicity (fatigue, anemia, vomiting and neutropenia), whereas the incidence of grade 3/4 diarrhea considerably increased in GA with a targeted drug.
Adding a novel targeted agent to the GA regimen did not improve survival rate of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Core Tip: Gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GA) is a commonly used first-line treatment regimen for metastatic pancreatic cancer, and many studies will add a novel targeted agent to this regimen to improve patient survival. However, the clinical effectiveness of GA is more controversial. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the effectiveness and safety of GA combined with a targeted agent regimen and GA regimen.