Published online Sep 26, 2022. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v10.i27.9611
Peer-review started: June 19, 2022
First decision: July 26, 2022
Revised: August 4, 2022
Accepted: August 16, 2022
Article in press: August 16, 2022
Published online: September 26, 2022
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a common surgical strategy for the treatment of early gastrointestinal tumors and precancerous lesions. PDCA nursing can effectively prevent potential risks in the nursing process, protect patient privacy, and improve patient satisfaction, nursing integrity, and service quality.
To explore the effects of PDCA nursing model on the quality management of gastrointestinal ESD, the 36-item Shot-Form Health Survey (SF-36) score, and negative emotions.
A total of 178 patients who underwent ESD between January 2020 and January 2021 were divided into two groups. The usual care mode was the control group, with 80 cases from January to July 2020; from July 2020 to January 2021, 98 patients were enrolled in the PDCA care mode as the research group. The length of hospital stay and the costs of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The visual analog scale (VAS), SF-36 score, Zung self-rating scale for anxiety and depression, and postoperative complications were also assessed.
The length of hospitalization and cost in the research group were lower than in the control group (P < 0.05), and the VAS scores were lower than those before care (P < 0.05). Moreover, the VAS score of the research group was lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The SF-36 scores for physical function, role status, social function, pain, mental health, and physical strength were higher in the research group than in the control group (P < 0.05). Depression and anxiety scores of the research group were lower than those of the control group (P < 0.05). The postoperative complication rate in the research group (6.12%) was lower than in the control group (32.50%) (P < 0.05).
PDCA nursing can improve the quality of management of ESD surgery, shorten the length of hospital stay and cost, reduce the VAS and Zung scale scores to alleviate adverse emotions, improve the SF-36 score, and reduce postoperative complications.
Core Tip: PDCA nursing can effectively shorten the length of hospital stay and hospitalization costs, reduce the visual analog scale and Zung scale scores, relieve the pain and negative emotions of patients, improve the 36-item Shot-Form Health Survey score, reduce the occurrence of postoperative complications, and significantly impact the quality management of gastrointestinal endoscopic submucosal dissection.