Published online Jul 15, 2021. doi: 10.4251/wjgo.v13.i7.693
Peer-review started: March 4, 2021
First decision: April 17, 2021
Revised: April 19, 2021
Accepted: June 1, 2021
Article in press: June 1, 2021
Published online: July 15, 2021
Approximately 90% of new cases of noncardiac gastric cancer (GC) are related to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), and cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) is one of the main pathogenic factors. Recent studies have shown that the pharmacological effects of cryptotanshinone (CTS) can be used to treat a variety of tumors. However, the effects of CTS on H. pylori, especially CagA+ strain-induced gastric mucosal lesions, on the development of GC is unknown.
To assess the role of CTS in CagA-induced proliferation and metastasis of GC cells, and determine if CagA+ H. pylori strains causes pathological changes in the gastric mucosa of mice.
The effects of CTS on the proliferation of GC cells were assessed using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and the abnormal growth, migration and invasion caused by CagA were detected by CCK-8 and transwell assays. After transfection with pSR-HA-CagA and treatment with CTS, proliferation and metastasis were evaluated by CCK-8 and transwell assays, respectively, and the expression of Src homology 2 (SH2) domain–containing phosphatase 2 (SHP2) and phosphorylated SHP2 (p-SHP2) was detected using western blotting in AGS cells. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the immunoglobulin G (IgG) level against CagA in patient serum. Mice were divided into four groups and administered H. pylori strains (CagA+ or CagA-) and CTS (or PBS) intragastrically, and establishment of the chronic infection model was verified using polymerase chain reaction and sequencing of isolated strains. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to assess mucosal erosion in the stomach and toxicity to the liver and kidney.
CTS inhibited the growth of GC cells in dose- and time-dependent manners. Overexpression of CagA promoted the growth, migration, and invasion of GC cells. Importantly, we demonstrated that CTS significantly inhibited the CagA-induced abnormal proliferation, migration, and invasion of GC cells. Moreover, the expression of p-SHP2 protein in tumor tissue was related to the expression of IgG against CagA in the serum of GC patients. Additionally, CTS suppressed the protein expression levels of both SHP2 and p-SHP2 in GC cells. CTS suppressed CagA+ H. pylori strain-induced mucosal erosion in the stomach of mice but had no obvious effects on the CagA- H. pylori strain group.
CTS inhibited CagA-induced proliferation and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of GC cells in vitro, and CagA+ H. pylori strains caused mucosal erosions of the stomach in vivo by decreasing the protein expression of SHP2.
Core Tip: Cryptotanshinone inhibited cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA)-induced proliferation and the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of gastric cancer cells in vitro, and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)CagA-positive strains caused mucosal erosions of stomach in vivo by decreasing the expression of SHP2 protein, which could be an effective drug in treating H. pylori infection.