Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021.
World J Clin Cases. Sep 26, 2021; 9(27): 8242-8248
Published online Sep 26, 2021. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v9.i27.8242
Table 1 Literature review and summary of extracorporeal shock wave therapy treatment of clavicle nonunion/delayed union/pseudoarthrosis (to April 6, 2021)
Study type
Clavicle cases/total cases
Initial fracture treatment
Energy level
Moretti et al[29], 2009Retrospective case seriesNM/204NMMinilith SL1 (Storz)0.22-1.10 mJ/mm2NMPositive
Carfagni et al[31], 2011Retrospective case series3/93NMDuolith (Storz), Modulith SLK (Storz)0.20-0.55 mJ/mm24-5NM
Vulpiani et al[30], 2012Prospective cohort study6/143Conservative treatment and Internal fixationModulith SLK (Storz)0.25-0.84 mJ/mm23-5NM
Alkhawashki[28], 2015Retrospective case series1/49Conservative treatmentOssaTron (HMT)26 KV1Positive
Kertzman et al[7], 2017Retrospective case series1/22Internal fixationSwiss DolorClast (EMS)0.18 mJ/ mm22Negative