Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2019.
World J Clin Cases. May 26, 2019; 7(10): 1191-1199
Published online May 26, 2019. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v7.i10.1191
Table 1 Causes of elbow stiffness reported in the included studies
AuthorsNo. of patientsCauses
Soft tissue contractureBony blockerMalunion of fractureHO(Heterotopic ossification)Keloid scarBony connectionNerve contracture
Koh et al[24]77YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Ring et al[26]46YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Morrey et al[27]38YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Birjandi Nejad et al[28]14YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Rhee et al[29]18YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Sharma and Rymaswski[30]25YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Tan et al[31]52YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Aldridge et al[32]106YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Cikes et al[33]18YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Marti et al[34]46YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Gundlach and Eygendaal[35]21YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Mansat and Morrey[25]38YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Kulkarni et al[36]26YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Heirweg and De Smet[37]16YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Park et al[38]27YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Cantin et al[11]1YesNoNoNoNoNoYes