Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Cases. Mar 6, 2021; 9(7): 1610-1618
Published online Mar 6, 2021. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v9.i7.1610
Effects of cooperative nursing and patient education on postoperative infection and self-efficacy in gastrointestinal tumors
Li Qiao, Shu-Qian Zeng, Ning Zhang
Li Qiao, Shu-Qian Zeng, Ning Zhang, Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, Hubei Province, China
Author contributions: Qiao L designed this retrospective study; Zeng SQ wrote this paper; Qiao L and Zeng SQ were responsible for sorting the data; all authors revised and approved the manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: The study was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board at Union Hospital affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (approval No. 0353).
Informed consent statement: Informed consent was obtained from the patient.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Ning Zhang, BM BCh, Nurse, Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, No. 1277 Jiefang Avenue, Wuhan 430022, Hubei Province, China.
Received: November 19, 2020
Peer-review started: November 19, 2020
First decision: November 29, 2020
Revised: December 4, 2020
Accepted: December 22, 2020
Article in press: December 22, 2020
Published online: March 6, 2021
Research background

The value of the cooperative nursing care system of medical care has received widespread attention in recent years.

Research motivation

Surgery is an essential treatment for gastrointestinal tumors, which can effectively remove the lesions, but it can cause physiological changes and body trauma, further aggravate patient pain, increase the risk of postoperative complications, and affect patient mood and self-efficacy.

Research objectives

The joint adoption of cooperative nursing management and self-efficacy education can improve the physical and mental state of patients undergoing gastrointestinal tumor surgery, change the way of coping with the disease, and reduce the risk of postoperative infection, which is of positive significance to patients with gastrointestinal tumors.

Research methods

According to the nursing plan, a total of 102 patients with gastrointestinal tumors treated in our hospital from October 2018 to February 2020 were selected and divided into a conventional group (n = 51) and a combined group (n = 51).

Research results

After the intervention, the daily life behavior management, cognitive symptom management, and disease management scores of the two groups were higher than those before the intervention. Those of the combined group were higher than those of the conventional group after the intervention. After the intervention, the two groups’ emotional, economic, and physical factors scores were lower than those before the intervention, and the combined group was lower than the conventional group. The infection incidence in the combined group (1.96%) was lower than that in the conventional group (15.69%).

Research conclusions

The joint adoption of medical care and cooperative responsibility management and self-efficiency education can improve patients’ physical and mental states after gastrointestinal tumor surgery, change the response to disease, and reduce the risk of postoperative infection.

Research perspectives

An innovative nursing model can achieve better treatment results.