Published online Oct 6, 2021. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v9.i28.8524
Peer-review started: May 18, 2021
First decision: June 15, 2021
Revised: June 29, 2021
Accepted: August 2, 2021
Article in press: August 2, 2021
Published online: October 6, 2021
Endometriosis (EMs), an estrogen-dependent disease, refers to the appearance of mucosa-covered endometrial tissues (glandular and interstitial) growing in the uterine cavity outside the uterine myometrium. It is commonly seen in women aged 25 to 45, with an incidence of approximately 10%-15%.
A 35-year-old unmarried female who denied a history of sex with an intact hymen had multiple dysmenorrhea and pain in the left lower abdomen that recurred during menstruation. Ultrasound examination revealed a dark cystic area measuring 4.9 cm × 4.6 cm on the left side with poor light transmittance, which suggested a left endometriotic cyst. The patient was treated with pain medications (four capsules t.i.d., p.o.). After one month, computed tomography of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a low-density focus measuring approximately 38 mm in diameter, a blurred mesentery fat plane in the pelvic cavity, and pelvic effusion. Ultrasound showed a complex echo density measuring 5.2 cm × 3.0 cm × 4.2 cm in the left ovarian area and a fluid sonolucent area with a depth of 2.0 cm in the pelvic cavity. Left ovarian cystectomy, electrocautery for endometriotic lesions, myomectomy, and pelvic adhesion lysis were performed under laparoscopy. The postoperative diagnosis was left ovarian chocolate cyst rupture and EMs (stage III, ovarian type, peritoneal type).
Laparoscopic surgery can safely control the symptoms of EMs and effectively eradicate the disease.
Core Tip: With the advancement of laparoscopic technology, minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery has successfully become the treatment option for ruptured chocolate cysts. We would like to share our experience of laparoscopic treatment of ruptured ovarian endometriotic cysts.