Published online May 16, 2017. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v5.i5.187
Peer-review started: November 21, 2016
First decision: January 14, 2017
Revised: February 9, 2017
Accepted: March 12, 2017
Article in press: March 13, 2017
Published online: May 16, 2017
Elizabethkingia miricola (E. miricola) is a gram-negative non-fermentative bacterium which is rarely encountered. It is usually misidentified or considered as a contaminant in routine microbiology laboratories due to the limitations in conventional biochemical techniques. However, with the advent of the matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), the identification of non-fermenters has become easy and this has led to enhanced understanding of the clinical significance of these uncommonly isolated microorganisms. The genus Elizabethkingia has only two species E. meningoseptica and E. miricola. Both of these organisms are known to be multi-drug resistant and therefore, their accurate identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing are necessary prior to the initiation of appropriate therapy. In the world literature till date, only 3 cases of sepsis caused by E. miricola have been reported. We present the first case of E. miricola association with urinary tract infection.
Core tip: Non-fermenters except Pseudomonas and Acinetobacter are less commonly associated with urinary tract infection (UTI). But recently an upsurge in a number of reported cases has been noted due to the use of MALDI-TOF which is an easy and reliable identification technique. Till date in literature, there is no reported case of Elizabethkingia miricola (E. miricola) causing UTI, although its significance in blood and sputum samples of sepsis patients has been demonstrated earlier. This is the first case report showing a clinical association of E. miricola with symptomatic UTI and also demonstrating the multidrug resistance nature of this organism.