Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Cases. Jun 16, 2015; 3(6): 499-503
Published online Jun 16, 2015. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v3.i6.499
Nasobronchial interaction
Cemal Cingi, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Bengu Cobanoglu, Tolgahan Çatli, Oğuzhan Dikici
Cemal Cingi, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, 26020 Eskisehir, Turkey
Nuray Bayar Muluk, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Kirikkale University, 71450 Kirikkale, Turkey
Bengu Cobanoglu, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Trabzon Research and Training Hospital, 61040 Trabzon, Turkey
Tolgahan Çatli, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Bozyaka Research and Training Hospital, 35170 İzmir, Turkey
Oğuzhan Dikici, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Şevket Yılmaz Training and Research Hospital, 16000 Bursa, Turkey
Author contributions: All the authors solely contributed to this paper.
Conflict-of-interest: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Dr. Nuray Bayar Muluk, Professor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medical Faculty, Kirikkale University, Zirvekent 2, Etap Sitesi, C-3 blok, No: 62/43, 71450 Kirikkale, Turkey.
Telephone: +90-312-4964073 Fax: +90-312-4964073
Received: October 30, 2014
Peer-review started: October 31, 2014
First decision: November 14, 2014
Revised: January 31, 2015
Accepted: March 18, 2015
Article in press: March 20, 2015
Published online: June 16, 2015

Upper and lower airways can be considered as a unified morphofunctional unit. In this paper, nasobronchial interactions are evaluated based on literature.To discuss nasobronchial interactions, literature review from PubMed since 1982 is evaluated. Data base was including the terms “nasobronchial interaction, nasal and bronchial”. Asthma and rhinosinusitis may be associated with environmental factors and immunological predisposition. Treatment of rhinosinusitis may decrease asthma exacerbations. It was concluded that “one airway, one disease”-concept may be accepted when considering naso-bronchial interaction. Asthma treatment should also mean treating the nose as good as treating patients with nasal symptoms. To reach the succesful results ıt should be associated with evaluation of lung functions.

Keywords: Nasal, Bronchial, Nasobronchial interaction, Reflex, Airway

Core tip: Upper and lower airways may be accepted as unified morphofunctional unit. This concept is defined as nasobronchial interaction.