Case Report
Copyright ©2014 Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited. All rights reserved.
World J Clin Cases. Jan 16, 2014; 2(1): 1-4
Published online Jan 16, 2014. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v2.i1.1
Dellen-like keratopathy associated with glaucoma drainage devices
Carlton Robert Fenzl, Majid Moshirfar, Adam John Gess, Valliammai Muthappan, Jason Goldsmith
Carlton Robert Fenzl, Department of Ophthalmology, Jamaica Hospital Medical Center/NYMC, Jamaica, NY 11418, United States
Majid Moshirfar, Adam John Gess, Valliammai Muthappan, Jason Goldsmith, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, United States
Author contributions: Fenzl CR, Moshirfar M and Gess AJ performed the initial data collection, paper design, and first draft; Muthappan V and Goldsmith J performed significant revisions as well as reevaluation of the data.
Correspondence to: Majid Moshirfar, MD, Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, 65 Mario Capecchi Drive, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, United States.
Telephone: +1-801-5873020 Fax: +1-801-9479286
Received: October 17, 2013
Revised: December 21, 2013
Accepted: January 6, 2014
Published online: January 16, 2014

To report the first case of dellen-like keratopathy with superior corneal thinning associated with implantation of glaucoma drainage devices. A 70-year-old male with a history of primary open angle glaucoma and dry eye disease underwent placement of glaucoma drainage devices with antimetabolite application in both eyes. Prior to placement, minimal refractive error was noted on manifest refraction. Several years later, the patient was referred for decreased vision and corneal irregularity. Examination showed pathologic corneal curvature, superior corneal thinning, and epithelial demarcation lines immediately anterior to the glaucoma drainage devices in both eyes. The epithelium remained intact with no evidence of limbal stem cell deficiency. Manifest refraction revealed a large change in both eyes. Topography was used to confirm the presence of irregular corneal curvature anterior to the glaucoma drainage devices. Dellen-like keratopathy with superior thinning is a rare sequela after implantation of a glaucoma drainage device that must be considered in elderly patients who undergo glaucoma surgery. It is likely related to a combination of tear film alteration related to previously large anterior blebs, antimetabolite application, and aqueous humor flow patterns around the drainage devices. Treatment should focus on lubrication.

Keywords: Dellen-like keratopathy, Delle, Glaucoma drainage device, Corneal thinning

Core tip: Corneal abnormalities are not uncommon findings in patients with longstanding glaucoma. Topical medication-related and antimetabolite-related keratopathies are conditions that have been well documented. This case report identifies an entity related to glaucoma drainage devices. Dellen-like keratopathy is a condition similar in appearance to that of a delle, but larger in size. Early identification is important in preventing excessive corneal thinning and irregular corneal curvature.