Copyright ©The Author(s) 2022.
World J Gastroenterol. Jul 21, 2022; 28(27): 3383-3397
Published online Jul 21, 2022. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v28.i27.3383
Table 1 Overview of possible interventions in infected necrotizing pancreatitis

Most common complications
InterventionsEndoscopic transluminal drainageStandard first step for INP, standard for PFC treatmentUnencapsulated collections, distance from gastroduodenal duct (> 1 cm), vascular pseudoaneurymsMajor bleedings, perforation, post-procedure infection, recurrence, migration of the stent[37,38,40]
Endoscopic necrosectomyNo improvement in clinical condition within < 72 h after ETD, follow-up treatmentLarge necrotic areas, dense necrosis, disconnected ductBleeding, perforation, pancreatic fistula, infections[37,48,50]
Percutaneous catheter drainageHardly accessible ANC, ETD not feasible, as combination with ETDIntracystic haemorrhagia, pancreatic ascites Intestinal fistula, infection[36,51]
Open surgeryInfected necrosis, suspected perforation, abdominal compartment syndrome, ischemia, intrabadominal haemorrhagia, poorly walled off necrosis, final treatment option if other interventions failNo clear contraindications reportedBleeding, infection, perforation, multi-organ failure[52,53]
Minimally invasive surgeryInfected necrosisExtensive or hardly accessible collectionsBleeding, infection, perforation[44,57,58]