Observational Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2017. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastroenterol. Apr 7, 2017; 23(13): 2404-2413
Published online Apr 7, 2017. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v23.i13.2404
Can mean platelet volume play a role in evaluating the severity of acute pancreatitis?
Jing-Jing Lei, Li Zhou, Qi Liu, Can Xiong, Chun-Fang Xu
Jing-Jing Lei, Chun-Fang Xu, Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, Jiangsu Province, China
Jing-Jing Lei, Li Zhou, Qi Liu, Can Xiong, Department of Gastroenterology, The Affiliated Baiyun Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyan 550014, Guizhou Province, China
Author contributions: Lei JJ, Zhou L and Xu CF designed the study; Lei JJ, Liu Q and Xiong C participated in the acquisition of the clinical data; Lei JJ, Zhou L and Xu CF participated in the analysis and interpretation of the data; Lei JJ drafted the initial manuscript; Xu CF was the guarantor and revised the article critically for important intellectual content.
Supported by the Joint Foundation of Department of Science and Technology of Guizhou Province, China, No. [2016]7408.
Institutional review board statement: The study was reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Affiliated Baiyun Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, China.
Informed consent statement: All study participants or their legal guardian provided informed written consent prior to study enrollment.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All authors declare that they have no conflicting interests related to this study.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Dr. Chun-Fang Xu, Professor, Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 188 Shizi Street, Suzhou 215006, Jiangsu Province, China. xcf601@163.com
Telephone: +86-512-67780357 Fax: +86-512-65228072
Received: December 4, 2016
Peer-review started: December 6, 2016
First decision: January 10, 2017
Revised: January 28, 2017
Accepted: February 17, 2017
Article in press: February 17, 2017
Published online: April 7, 2017

To investigate serum mean platelet volume (MPV) levels in acute pancreatitis (AP) patients and assess whether MPV effectively predicts the disease severity of AP.


We included 117 consecutive patients with AP as the AP group and 34 consecutive patients with colorectal polyps (before endoscopic treatment) as the control group. Complete blood counts, liver function, platelet indices (MPV), coagulation parameters, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured on days 1, 2, 3 and 7 after admission. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of MPV, white blood cell (WBC), LDH and CRP in predicting AP severity. The Modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) and the 2012 revised Atlanta criteria were used to evaluate disease severity in AP.


MPV levels were significantly lower in the AP group than in the control group on day 1 (P = 0.000), day 2 (P = 0.029) and day 3 (P = 0.001) after admission. In addition, MPV values were lower on day 1 after admission than on day 2 (P = 0.012), day 3 (P = 0.000) and day 7 (P = 0.002) in all AP patients. Based on the mGPS, 78 patients (66.7%) were diagnosed with mild and 39 patients (33.3%) with severe AP. There was no significant difference in mean MPV levels between patients diagnosed with mild and severe AP based on the mGPS (P = 0.424). According to the 2012 revised Atlanta criteria, there were 98 patients (83.8%) without persistent organ failure (OF) [non-severe acute pancreatitis (non-SAP) group] and 19 patients (16.2%) with persistent OF (SAP group). MPV levels were significantly lower in the SAP group than in the non-SAP group on day 1 after admission (P = 0.002). On day 1 after admission using a cut-off value of 6.65 fL, the overall accuracy of MPV for predicting SAP according to the 2012 revised Atlanta criteria (AUC = 0.716) had a sensitivity of 91.8% and a specificity of 47.4% and was superior to the accuracy of the traditional markers WBC (AUC = 0.700) and LDH (AUC = 0.697).


MPV can be used at no additional cost as a useful, non-invasive biomarker that distinguishes AP with persistent OF from AP without persistent OF on day 1 of hospital admission.

Keywords: Persistent organ failure, Acute pancreatitis, Mean platelet volume, White blood cell, C-reactive protein, Lactate dehydrogenase

Core tip: Mean platelet volume (MPV) is a machine-calculated measurement of average platelet size that is easily obtained using automatic blood count equipment at no additional cost and is often overlooked by clinicians. However, the relationship between MPV and acute pancreatitis (AP) remains unclear, and previous studies have been limited and produced conflicting results. In the present study, we demonstrated that the MPV was significantly lower in AP patients than in controls during the first three days after admission, particularly on day 1 after admission. Moreover, on day 1 of hospital admission, white blood cell count, lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein measures were not as sensitive as MPV for predicting persistent organ failure in AP patients.