Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Clin Cases. Jun 16, 2015; 3(6): 484-494
Published online Jun 16, 2015. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v3.i6.484
Table 1 Eye manifestations in giant cell arteritis
Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy
Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy
Arterial occlusion (central retinal artery, branch retinal artery or cilioretinal vessels)
Amaurosis fugax
“Cotton-wool spots” (microinfarcts of the retinal nerve fiber layer)
Diplopia (involvement of muscles, cranial nerves, or brainstem)
Ocular ischaemic syndrome (hypotension, ischaemic iritis)