Copyright ©The Author(s) 2015.
World J Clin Cases. Jan 16, 2015; 3(1): 34-41
Published online Jan 16, 2015. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v3.i1.34
Table 1 Commercial products used for microabrasion
MaterialManufacturerAcidAbrasiveParticle size (mm)
Prema compoundPremier Dental Company (Philadelphia, PA, United States)10% hydrochloric acidSilicon carbide/dioxide30-60
OpalustreUltradent Products (South Jordan, UT, United States)6.6% hydrochloric acidSilicon carbide20-160
PumicePumex (Newcastle-under-lyme, Staffordshire, United Kingdom)-Pumice30-50
Table 2 Summary of indications and advantages of the microabrasion technique
Stains or defects restricted only to enamelShallow alterations just in the enamel surfaceSafe and conservative treatment
Dental fluorosisUse of rubber damMinimal loss of enamel
Mineralized white stainsAfter completion of orthodontic treatment, if necessaryLeaves enamel surface lustrous, shiny and glass-like
Correction of surface irregularitiesSupplemented with bleaching, if necessaryRoughness and microhardness alterations easily resolved by saliva
Localized enamel hypoplasiaReduced bacterial colonization on enamel surface
Polishing of enamel and auxiliary removal of composite resin residues after orthodontic therapyLasting and stable esthetic results