Observational Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021.
World J Clin Cases. Dec 6, 2021; 9(34): 10566-10575
Published online Dec 6, 2021. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v9.i34.10566
Figure 1
Figure 1 High-frequency intraluminal ultrasound images of post-endoscopic variceal ligation of type 1 gastric varices. The post-endoscopic variceal ligation sizes of varices were assessed according to the largest cross-sectional area (CSA). CSA was measured between the hypoechoic blood-filled lumen and the hyperechoic submucosa or mucosa. The dotted line indicates the largest CSA of the varix. The scale bar represents 10 mm.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Representative esophagogastroduodenoscopy and high-frequency intraluminal ultrasound images of type 1 gastric varices. The type 1 gastric varices was grade 0 according to esophagogastroduodenoscopy, but the largest variceal cross-sectional area was 31.4 mm2 according to high-frequency intraluminal ultrasound.
Figure 3
Figure 3 Post-endoscopic variceal ligation esophagogastroduodenoscopy grades and cross-sectional areas. The mean largest variceal cross-sectional area (CSA) for grade 0/1 type 1 gastric varices (GOV1) did not differ from that for grade 2/3 GOV1 (15.1 ± 10.0 mm2 vs 23.7 ± 12.7 mm2, respectively; P = 0.07). EUS: Endoscopic ultrasound; EGD: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy.
Figure 4
Figure 4 Comparison of high-frequency intraluminal ultrasound estimates of largest variceal cross-sectional area between patients with or without post-endoscopic variceal ligation variceal bleeding. The mean largest variceal cross-sectional area (CSA) of type 1 gastric varices patients who experienced post-endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) bleeding was significantly greater than that of patients who did not experience post-EVL bleeding (22.2 ± 7.7 mm2 vs 11.2 ± 9.2 mm2, respectively; P = 0.03). Horizontal bars represent median values, and the upper and lower ends of the bars represent quartile values. EUS: Endoscopic ultrasound.