Long-term outcomes of pediatric liver transplantation in acute liver failure vs end-stage chronic liver disease: A retrospective observational study
Amr M Alnagar, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21615, Egypt
Amr M Alnagar, Abdul R Hakeem, Khaled Daradka, Eirini Kyrana, Marumbo Methga, Karthikeyan Palaniswamy, Sanjay Rajwal, Jamila Mulla, Moira O'meara, Vivek Upasani, Dhakshinamoorthy Vijayanand, Raj Prasad, Magdy S Attia, Liver and Transplant Surgery, The Leeds Teaching Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust, Leeds LS9 7TF, United Kingdom
Author contributions: Alnagar AM and Hakeem AR contributed equally to this study; Alnagar AM and Attia MS conceived the study concept and design; Alnagar AM and Daradka K collected the data; Alnagar AM, Kyrana E, Methga M, and Palaniswamy K analyzed the data; Rajwal S, Mulla J, Upasani V, and Vijayanand D drafted the manuscript; Hakeem AR, Prasad R, O’meara M, and Attia MS critically revised the manuscript.
Institutional review board statement: Regarding institutional board acceptence, that was not required in view of the retrospective nature of the study for an already collected data without any patient identifiable data.
Informed consent statement: Informed consent is not required.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All the authors report no relevant conflicts of interest for this article.
Data sharing statement: Technical appendix, statistical code, and dataset available from the corresponding author at firstname.lastname@example.org. Participants' consent was not obtained but the presented data are anonymized, and risk of identification is low.
: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Abdul R Hakeem, FRCS, PhD, FEBS, Consultant Hepatobiliary and Liver Transplant Surgeon, Liver and Transplant Surgery, The Leeds Teaching Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust, Leeds City Centre-Beckett Street, Leeds LS9 7TF, United Kingdom. email@example.com
Received: December 2, 2022
Peer-review started: December 2, 2022
First decision: December 13, 2022
Revised: December 22, 2022
Accepted: March 6, 2023
Article in press: March 6, 2023
Published online: March 18, 2023