Copyright ©The Author(s) 2024. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Psychiatry. Mar 19, 2024; 14(3): 334-341
Published online Mar 19, 2024. doi: 10.5498/wjp.v14.i3.334
Potential use of large language models for mitigating students’ problematic social media use: ChatGPT as an example
Xin-Qiao Liu, Zi-Ru Zhang
Xin-Qiao Liu, Zi-Ru Zhang, School of Education, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300350, China
Author contributions: Liu XQ designed the study; Liu XQ and Zhang ZR wrote the manuscript; all authors have approved the final manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors declare no conflict of interests.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Xin-Qiao Liu, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Education, Tianjin University, No. 135 Yaguan Road, Jinnan District, Tianjin 300350, China. xinqiaoliu@pku.edu.cn
Received: December 5, 2023
Peer-review started: December 5, 2023
First decision: January 6, 2024
Revised: January 15, 2024
Accepted: February 5, 2024
Article in press: February 5, 2024
Published online: March 19, 2024

The problematic use of social media has numerous negative impacts on individuals' daily lives, interpersonal relationships, physical and mental health, and more. Currently, there are few methods and tools to alleviate problematic social media, and their potential is yet to be fully realized. Emerging large language models (LLMs) are becoming increasingly popular for providing information and assistance to people and are being applied in many aspects of life. In mitigating problematic social media use, LLMs such as ChatGPT can play a positive role by serving as conversational partners and outlets for users, providing personalized information and resources, monitoring and intervening in problematic social media use, and more. In this process, we should recognize both the enormous potential and endless possibilities of LLMs such as ChatGPT, leveraging their advantages to better address problematic social media use, while also acknowledging the limitations and potential pitfalls of ChatGPT technology, such as errors, limitations in issue resolution, privacy and security concerns, and potential overreliance. When we leverage the advantages of LLMs to address issues in social media usage, we must adopt a cautious and ethical approach, being vigilant of the potential adverse effects that LLMs may have in addressing problematic social media use to better harness technology to serve individuals and society.

Keywords: Problematic use of social media, Social media, Large language models, ChatGPT, Chatbots

Core Tip: Large language models (LLMs) such as ChatGPT have opened a new chapter in the field of intelligent dialog and human history. Through the use of LLMs, better solutions can be provided for problematic social media use, thus mitigating issues associated with its use. In addition to enhancing technological improvements and improving the objectivity and rationality of large language generation results, it is imperative for society, individuals, and various other parties to collectively establish a favorable environment for the application of artificial intelligence.