This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Wassan Nori, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad 10052, Saydyia, Iraq
Wisam Akram, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mustansiriyah, Baghdad 10052, Al Yarmouk, Iraq
Eham Amer Ali, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Mustansiriyah, Baghdad 10052, Iraq
Author contributions: Nori W and Akram W designed the research and analyzed the data; Nori W wrote the letter; Akram W and Ali EA revised the letter; all authors have read and agreed on the final version of the manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest to disclose.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: https://creativecommons.org/Licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Corresponding author: Wassan Nori, PhD, Academic Editor, Academic Research, Senior Researcher, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mustansiriyah University, Al -amin, Baghdad 10052, Saydyia, Iraq. firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: November 2, 2022 Peer-review started: November 2, 2022 First decision: December 19, 2022 Revised: December 19, 2022 Accepted: January 10, 2023 Article in press: January 10, 2023 Published online: January 31, 2023
Obesity impacts human health in more than one way. The influence of obesity on human reproduction and fertility has been extensively examined. Bariatric surgery (BS) has been used as an effective tool to achieve long-term weight loss in both sexes. BS improves hormonal profiling, increasing the odds of spontaneous pregnancy and success rates following assisted reproductive techniques in infertile females. For obese males, BS does improve sexual function and hormonal profile; however, conflicting reports discuss reduced sperm parameters following BS. Although the benefits of BS in the fertility field are acknowledged, many areas call for further research, like choosing the safest surgical techniques, determining the optimal timing to get pregnant, and resolving the uncertainty of sperm parameters.
Core Tip: One of the main strengths of bariatric surgery (BS) is achieving long-term weight reduction; many of the medical and dietary interventions have transient and sometimes ineffective results. Infertility is linked with obesity in many ways, including reducing the quality of produced gametes, disturbing the hormonal profile, and increasing oxidative stress, which in turn inversely affects many steps of human reproduction. BS can improve the fertility odds for both genders with assisted reproductive technique; additionally, it improves the odds of natural pregnancy.