Published online Apr 27, 2010. doi: 10.4240/wjgs.v2.i4.143
Revised: January 28, 2010
Accepted: February 4, 2010
Published online: April 27, 2010
Pancreaticobiliary maljunction is a congenital anomaly in which the junction between the pancreatic duct and the common bile duct is located outside the sphincter of Oddi. It is well known that pancreaticobiliary maljunction is frequently associated with carcinoma of the
biliary tract. We report a case of metachronous cancer of the gallbladder and pancreas associated with pancreaticobiliary maljunction and cystic dilatation of common bile duct in a 68-year-old Tunisian woman who underwent a cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. The pancreatic tumor was an adenosquamous carcinoma. Pancreaticobiliary maljunction allows for pancreatobiliary or biliopancreatic reflux which may induce biliary tract carcinoma. Few cases of multifocal cancer associated with this anomaly have been reported. The association with pancreatic carcinoma remains rare. Close attention should be given to both the biliary tract system and pancreas during the long-term follow-up of patients with pancreaticobiliary maljunction, especially after they have undergone a choledochojejunostomy.