Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Hepatol. Jul 18, 2016; 8(20): 844-849
Published online Jul 18, 2016. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v8.i20.844
Aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid sclerotherapy for Goligher Grades II and III hemorrhoids: Results from a multicenter study
Hidenori Miyamoto, Takenori Hada, Gentaro Ishiyama, Yoshito Ono, Hideo Watanabe
Hidenori Miyamoto, Department of Digestive and Pediatric Surgery, Institute of Health Bioscience, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan
Hidenori Miyamoto, Department of Proctologic Surgery, Shiseikai Miyamoto Hospital, Anan, Tokushima 779-1105, Japan
Takenori Hada, Division of Proctologic Surgery, Onaka Clinic Oshiri Center, Hachiouji, Tokyo 192-0083, Japan
Gentaro Ishiyama, Department of Anorectal Surgery, Sapporo Ishiyama Hospital, Sapporo, Hokkaido 064-0915, Japan
Yoshito Ono, Hideo Watanabe, Department of Surgery, Watanabe Hospital, Matsuyama, Ehime 791-0054, Japan
Author contributions: Miyamoto H designed the study; Miyamoto H, Hada T, Ishiyama G, Ono Y and Watanabe H acquired, analyzed and interpreted the data, and drafted the manuscript; Hada T contributed to statistical advice.
Institutional review board statement: This study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee of the Miyamoto Hospital.
Informed consent statement: All study participants or their legal guardian provided informed consent written consent about personal and medical data collection prior to study enrolment.
Conflict-of-interest statement: All the authors have no conflict of interest related to the manuscript.
Data sharing statement: No additional data are available.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Correspondence to: Hidenori Miyamoto, MD, PhD, Department of Digestive and Pediatric Surgery, Institute of Health Bioscience, University of Tokushima Graduate School, 3-18-15 Kuramoto, Tokushima 770-8503, Japan.
Telephone: +81-88-6337137 Fax: +81-88-6319698
Received: March 16, 2016
Peer-review started: March 18, 2016
First decision: April 18, 2016
Revised: May 29, 2016
Accepted: June 14, 2016
Article in press: June 16, 2016
Published online: July 18, 2016
Core Tip

Core tip: Since 2000, aluminum potassium sulfate and tannic acid (ALTA) sclerotherapy has been frequently performed in Japan for internal hemorrhoids as a minimally invasive treatment. This study affirms that ALTA sclerotherapy is an effective and safety treatment for Goligher Grades II and III hemorrhoids because of the high cumulative success rate and no serious complications during post-operative treatment.