Published online Apr 27, 2014. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v6.i4.243
Revised: January 17, 2014
Accepted: February 16, 2014
Published online: April 27, 2014
Core tip: The study of hepatic encephalopathy is crucial for development of new therapies but has been dampened by the absence of murine models resembling the disease in patients. We showed that sequential thioacetamide injections cause extensive liver injury in mice, leading to increased ammonia levels, electroencephalography alterations and brain edema. In line with this, mice presented with poor psychomotor activity and survival rate. Liver injury and brain function impairment by thioacetamide resulted in systemic alterations such as coagulopathy, hemodynamic instability and lung inflammation, consistent with multiple organ failure. Therefore, this alternative model may provide tools for new therapeutic insights for hepatic encephalopathy.