Acute liver failure secondary to severe systemic disease from fatal hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis: Case report and systematic literature review
Mitchell S Cappell, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, United States
Mitchell S Cappell, Department of Medicine, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, MI 48073, United States
Ismail Hader, Department of Medicine, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, United States
Mitual Amin, Department of Pathology, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI 48073, United States
Mitual Amin, Department of Pathology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, MI 48073, United States
Author contributions: Cappell MS and Hader I are equal primary authors of this work; Hader I wrote drafts of the case report and results sections; and provided medical care for this patient; Cappell MS as mentor edited the case report section, and wrote most of the other sections; Amin M performed all the microscopic pathology, and wrote the pathologic sections of the paper.
Conflict-of-interest statement: None for all authors. In particular, Dr. Cappell, as a consultant of the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Advisory Committee for Gastrointestinal Drugs, affirms that this paper does not discuss any proprietary confidential pharmaceutical data submitted to the FDA. Dr. Cappell is also a member of the speaker’s bureau for Astra Zeneca and Daiichi Sankyo, co-marketers of Movantik, and has received one-time consulting fees from Mallinckrodt and from Shire. This work does not discuss any drug manufactured or marketed by Astra Zeneca, Daiichi Sankyo, Mallinckrodt or Shire.
PRISMA 2009 Checklist statement: The authors have read the PRISMA 2009 Checklist, and the manuscript was prepared and revised according to the PRISMA 2009 Checklist.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Correspondence to: Mitchell S Cappell, FACG, MD, PhD, Chief Doctor, Professor, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, William Beaumont Hospital, MOB #602, 3535 W. Thirteen Mile Rd, Royal Oak, MI 48073, United States. firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone: +1-732-9911227 Fax: +1-248-5517581
Received: April 28, 2018
Peer-review started: May 3, 2018
First decision: May 24, 2018
Revised: July 20, 2018
Accepted: August 28, 2018
Article in press: August 28, 2018
Published online: September 27, 2018