Published online Sep 27, 2013. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v5.i9.462
Revised: August 7, 2013
Accepted: August 16, 2013
Published online: September 27, 2013
Nonparasitic hepatic cysts consist of a heterogeneous group of disorders, which differ in etiology, prevalence, and manifestations. With improving diagnostic techniques, hepatic cysts are becoming more common. Recent advancements in minimally invasive technology created a new Era in the management of hepatic cystic disease. Herein, the most current recommendations for management of noninfectious hepatic cysts are described, thereby discussing differential diagnosis, new therapeutic modalities and outcomes.
Core tip: Nonparasitic hepatic cysts consist of a broad spectrum of entities ranging from benign developmental cysts to malignant neoplasms. With recent advancements in diagnostic studies, hepatic cysts are becoming more frequent and better understanding of risk factors, management and long-term outcomes, and further development of current therapeutic modalities are needed.