Copyright ©The Author(s) 2020. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastroenterol. Nov 14, 2020; 26(42): 6582-6598
Published online Nov 14, 2020. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v26.i42.6582
Vascular anomalies associated with hepatic shunting
Michael J Schmalz, Kadakkal Radhakrishnan
Michael J Schmalz, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States
Kadakkal Radhakrishnan, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States
Author contributions: Schmalz MJ and Radhakrishnan K contributed equally to this work, both authors have read and approved the final manuscript.
Conflict-of-interest statement: The authors have no conflicts of interest with regards the topic of this review.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article that was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Michael J Schmalz, MD, Academic Fellow, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Cleveland Clinic, 8950 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States.
Received: August 12, 2020
Peer-review started: August 12, 2020
First decision: September 30, 2020
Revised: October 14, 2020
Accepted: October 27, 2020
Article in press: October 27, 2020
Published online: November 14, 2020
Core Tip

Core Tip: Hepatic shunts present from birth, hepatic hemangiomas, and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia have all been described in the scientific literature over the decades. Most reviews were written by radiologists or surgeons, but none have adequately covered all these topics from the gastroenterologist’s perspective. Our review serves as a reference for most congenital vascular anomalies that present in the liver. Our goal is to provide knowledge to help clinicians understand the burden of disease of these conditions and guide management decisions.