Published online Jun 21, 2020. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v26.i23.3182
Peer-review started: December 30, 2019
First decision: January 16, 2020
Revised: April 1, 2020
Accepted: May 23, 2020
Article in press: May 23, 2020
Published online: June 21, 2020
Core tip: Acupuncture has been applied in the treatment of gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility diseases worldwide for decades. However, its underlying neuromechanisms in regulating GI motility have not been fully established. The neural regulation of GI function depends on its endogenous and exogenous nervous system. This review discusses the mechanisms of acupuncture on GI motility from various perspectives including the afferent signals, autonomic nervous system, as well as central nervous system based on its physical/pathological neural control.