Published online Aug 7, 2019. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v25.i29.4019
Peer-review started: March 15, 2019
First decision: May 14, 2019
Revised: May 19, 2019
Accepted: July 1, 2019
Article in press: July 3, 2019
Published online: August 7, 2019
Core tip: This study systematically reviewed the literature on the prevention and treatment for post Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis. PRISMA checklist and flow diagram were adopted for the evaluation and the reporting. Prevention methods were categorized in three groups as (1) assessment of patient related factors; (2) pharmacoprevention; and (3) procedural techniques for prevention. Patients with high risk factors should be carefully assessed, and alternative therapeutic and diagnostic techniques may be preferable for them instead of ERCP.