Systematic Review
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2019. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.
World J Gastroenterol. Aug 7, 2019; 25(29): 4019-4042
Published online Aug 7, 2019. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v25.i29.4019
Post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis: A systematic review for prevention and treatment
Murat Pekgöz
Murat Pekgöz, Department of Gastroenterology, VM Medical Park Bursa Hospital, Bursa 16022, Turkey
Author contributions: Pekgöz M solely contributed to this manuscript.
Open-Access: This article is an open-access article which was selected by an in-house editor and fully peer-reviewed by external reviewers. It is distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See:
Corresponding author: Murat Pekgöz MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Gastroenterology, VM Medical Park Bursa Hospital, Fevzi Cakmak Caddesi, Bursa 16022, Turkey.
Telephone: +90-532-6015967 Fax:+90-224-2235571
Received: March 15, 2019
Peer-review started: March 15, 2019
First decision: May 14, 2019
Revised: May 19, 2019
Accepted: July 1, 2019
Article in press: July 3, 2019
Published online: August 7, 2019
Core Tip

Core tip: This study systematically reviewed the literature on the prevention and treatment for post Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis. PRISMA checklist and flow diagram were adopted for the evaluation and the reporting. Prevention methods were categorized in three groups as (1) assessment of patient related factors; (2) pharmacoprevention; and (3) procedural techniques for prevention. Patients with high risk factors should be carefully assessed, and alternative therapeutic and diagnostic techniques may be preferable for them instead of ERCP.