Brief Article
Copyright ©2011 Baishideng Publishing Group Co., Limited. All rights reserved.
World J Gastroenterol. Nov 28, 2011; 17(44): 4911-4916
Published online Nov 28, 2011. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i44.4911
Continuous regional arterial infusion and laparotomic decompression for severe acute pancreatitis with abdominal compartment syndrome
Zhi-Gang Deng, Jian-Yin Zhou, Zhen-Yu Yin, You-Yuan Peng, Fu-Qiang Wang, Xiao-Min Wang
Zhi-Gang Deng, Jian-Yin Zhou, Zhen-Yu Yin, You-Yuan Peng, Fu-Qiang Wang, Xiao-Min Wang, Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Xiamen University Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen 361004, Fujian Province, China
Author contributions: Deng ZG and Zhou JY contributed equally to this work; Yin ZY designed the research and edited the manuscript; Deng ZG and Zhou JY performed the majority of research and analyzed the data; Peng YY, Wang FQ and Wang XM performed the research; Deng ZG wrote the paper.
Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 30872484
Correspondence to: Zhen-Yu Yin, MD, PhD, Professor, Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Xiamen University Zhongshan Hospital, 209 South Hubin Road, Xiamen 361004, Fujian Province, China.
Telephone: +86-592-2993130 Fax: + 86-592-2212328
Received: May 4, 2011
Revised: June 11, 2011
Accepted: July 11, 2011
Published online: November 28, 2011

AIM: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of abdominal decompression plus continuous regional arterial infusion (CRAI) via a drug delivery system (DDS) in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).

METHODS: We presented our recent experience in 8 patients with SAP. The patients developed clinical ACS, which required abdominal decompression. During the operation, a DDS was inserted into the peripancreatic artery (the catheter was inserted from the right gastroepiploic artery until it reached the junction between the pancreaticoduodenal and gastroduodenal artery). Through this DDS, a protease inhibitor, antibiotics and octreotide were infused continuously. The duration of the regional artery infusion ranged from 8 to 41 d. The outcomes and the changes in the APACHE II score, computed tomography (CT) severity index and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) of the patients were retrospectively evaluated.

RESULTS: Eight patients with an initial APACHE IIscore of 18.9 (range, 13-27) and a Balthazar CT severity index of 9.1 (range, 7-10) developed severe local and systemic complications. These patients underwent subsequent surgical decompression and CRAI therapy because of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). After a mean interval of 131.9 ± 72.3 d hospitalization, 7 patients recovered with decreased APACHE II scores, CT severity indexes and IAP. The mean APACHE II score was 5.4 (range, 4-8), the CT severity index was 2.3 (range, 1-3), and IAP decreased to 7.7 mmHg (range, 6-11 mmHg) 60 d after operation. One patient died of multiple organ failure 1 wk after surgery.

CONCLUSION: CRAI and laparotomic decompression might be a therapeutic option for SAP patients with ACS.

Keywords: Severe acute pancreatitis, Arterial infusion, Laparotomy, Abdominal compartment syndrome