Case Report
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2022.
World J Gastrointest Endosc. Oct 16, 2022; 14(10): 628-635
Published online Oct 16, 2022. doi: 10.4253/wjge.v14.i10.628
Figure 1
Figure 1 Tracheoesophageal fistulas: Diagnosis and management. A: 20 mm tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF); B: 30 mm TEF; C: 3 mm TEF; D: Over the scope (OTS) clip closure (video 1); E: Closure with a partially coated self-expanding metal stent; F: Closure with a through-the-scope clip (TTS) endoclip; G: Esophagogram without leakage after OTS clip therapy; H: Axial computerized tomography showing closure of TEF with a fully covered SEMS; I: Esophagogram displaying TEF closure through TTS endoclips, with aspiration due to deglutition disorder. (Further pictures and video may be found as Supplementary material).
Figure 2
Figure 2 Suggested treatment algorithm.