Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021.
World J Hepatol. Jan 27, 2021; 13(1): 66-79
Published online Jan 27, 2021. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v13.i1.66
Figure 1
Figure 1 Endoscopic treatment of anastomotic stricture after living donor liver transplantation. A: Two plastic stents; and B: Occlusive cholangiogram after treatment.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Anastomotic stricture. A: Cholangiogram; B: Balloon dilation; and C: Multiple stent treatment.
Figure 3
Figure 3 Anastomotic stricture after living donor liver transplantation (right lobe). A: Guidewire insertion; B: Balloon dilation; C: Second guidewire insertion; and D: Stent placement (7Fr + 5Fr).
Figure 4
Figure 4 Complex anastomotic stricture. A: Impossible insertion of guidewire through a stricture; B: Guidewire insertion under direct visual control; and C: Guidewire inserted above anastomosis.
Figure 5
Figure 5 Digital cholangioscopy image of an anastomotic stricture.
Figure 6
Figure 6 Anastomotic leak. A: Guidewire insertion; and B: Stent placement (10Fr).
Figure 7
Figure 7 Multiple intrahepatic stones above anastomotic stricture. A: Fluoroscopic image; B: Digital cholangioscopic image; C: Electrohydraulic lithotripsy performance; and D: Fluoroscopic image after treatment.
Figure 8
Figure 8 Biliary cast syndrome. A: Fluoroscopic image; B: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography; and C: Digital cholangioscopic image.