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Copyright ©2010 Baishideng.
World J Gastroenterol. Feb 14, 2010; 16(6): 691-697
Published online Feb 14, 2010. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v16.i6.691
Table 1 Tumor stage on endorectal ultrasound to determine the management strategy, and corresponding survival rates[2,10]
StageT and N groupsManagementFive year survival
IT 1-2, N0, M0Snare polypectomy, EMR-ESD, TAEX, LAR, APR> 90%
IIT3 - 4, N0, M060%-85%
IIIT1-4, N1, M0LAR, RT followed by APR25%-60%
IVT1-4, N0-2, M1RT-CT followed by APR5%-7%