Copyright ©The Author(s) 2021.
World J Gastroenterol. Sep 28, 2021; 27(36): 5989-6003
Published online Sep 28, 2021. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v27.i36.5989
Figure 1
Figure 1 Intra-operative real-time identification of biliary structures in a cirrhotic patient, with visible light to the left and NIRF-C to the right. A: Pre-dissection visualization of biliary anatomy; B: After complete dissection. One can observe the posterior implantation of the cystic duct on the common hepatic duct. CD: Cystic duct; CHD: Common hepatic duct; CBD: Common bile duct.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Classical extrahepatic biliary anatomy with identification of the right and left hepatic ducts using near-infrared fluorescent cholangiography. CD: Cystic duct; CHD: Common hepatic duct; RHD: Right hepatic duct; LHD: Left hepatic duct.
Figure 3
Figure 3 Identification of cystic duct stones by means of fluorescence.