Retrospective Study
Copyright ©The Author(s) 2020.
World J Gastroenterol. Mar 7, 2020; 26(9): 947-959
Published online Mar 7, 2020. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v26.i9.947
Figure 1
Figure 1 Treatment algorithm for initial endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage in this study. ERCP: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; EUS-RV: EUS-guided rendezvous technique; EUS-HGS: EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy; EUS-CDS: EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Reasons for difficulties in initial endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage. CDS: Choledochoduodenostomy; HGS: Hepaticogastrostomy; RV: Rendezvous technique.
Figure 3
Figure 3 Technical outcomes of each initial endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage technique in this study. A: EUS-guided rendezvous technique; B: EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy; C: EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy. EUS-RV: EUS-guided rendezvous technique; EUS-CDS: EUS-guided choledochoduodenostomy; EUS-HGS: EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy; EUS-AS: EUS-guided antegrade stenting; PTBD: Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage.
Figure 4
Figure 4 Technical and clinical outcomes of endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage in all 208 cases. Treatment method conversion for unsuccessful initial EUS-BD cases improved both technical and clinical success rates. EUS-BD: EUS-guided biliary drainage; ERCP: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; PTBD: Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage; AE: Adverse event.