Copyright ©The Author(s) 2020.
World J Gastroenterol. Oct 28, 2020; 26(40): 6141-6162
Published online Oct 28, 2020. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v26.i40.6141
Figure 1
Figure 1 Diagram showing the varied and complex bidirectional information interaction system for microbiota-gut-liver-brain axis, including neural, endocrine, and immune systems. GABA: Gamma-aminobutyric acid; DA: Dopamine; NA: Noradrenaline; Ach: Acetylcholine; 5-HT: Serotonin; HPA: Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal; CRH: Corticotropin-releasing hormone; ACTH: Adrenocorticotropic hormone; ECC: Enterochromaffin cell; SCFAs: Short chain fatty acids; Try: Tryptophan.