Copyright ©The Author(s) 2016.
World J Gastroenterol. Jul 28, 2016; 22(28): 6434-6443
Published online Jul 28, 2016. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i28.6434
Figure 1
Figure 1 Structure-function relationships of guanylate-binding protein-1. The guanylate binding protein-1 can be roughly divided into two domains: a compact globular domain carrying the GTPase activity at the N-terminus (blue) and a long helical domain comprised of α-helices at the C-terminus (grey), which are responsible for different protein functions.
Figure 2
Figure 2 Role of guanylate-binding protein-1 in colorectal carcinoma and inflammatory bowel diseases. In colorectal carcinoma (CRC), guanylate-binding protein (GBP)-1 expression is associated with a Th1-dominated micromileu and results in an angiostatic vasculature. In CRC tumor cells, expression of GBP-1 induces an anti-tumorigenic phenotype. Absence of expression in tumor cells in a GBP-1-positive context indicates a mechanism of resistance. In T-cells, GBP-1 participates in the modulation of the T-cell receptor signaling pathway. In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), GBP-1 expression is elevated in active disease and inhibits the proliferation of intestinal epithelial cells, thereby exerting a protective effect against the loss of barrier function and apoptosis. Here again, GBP-1 is associated with angiostasis and T-cell regulation. INF: Interferon; IL: Interleukin.